Conversion of Wastes into Bioelectricity and Chemicals by Using Microbial Electrochemical Technologies

B. E. Logan, K. Rabaey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1519 Scopus citations

Abstract

Waste biomass is a cheap and relatively abundant source of electrons for microbes capable of producing electrical current outside the cell. Rapidly developing microbial electrochemical technologies, such as microbial fuel cells, are part of a diverse platform of future sustainable energy and chemical production technologies. We review the key advances that will enable the use of exoelectrogenic microorganisms to generate biofuels, hydrogen gas, methane, and other valuable inorganic and organic chemicals. Moreover, we examine the key challenges for implementing these systems and compare them to similar renewable energy technologies. Although commercial development is already underway in several different applications, ranging from wastewater treatment to industrial chemical production, further research is needed regarding efficiency, scalability, system lifetimes, and reliability.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)686-690
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume337
Issue number6095
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2012
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-I1-003-13
Acknowledgements: This research was supported by award KUS-I1-003-13 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (B.E.L.) and the Multidisciplinary Research Partnership Ghent Bio-Economy and the European Union Framework Programme 7 project “ProEthanol” (K.R.). The authors also wish to thank T. Lacoere and J. Desloover for assistance in preparing the draft figures and funding from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Flagship cluster “Biotechnological solutions to Australia's transport energy and greenhouse gas challenges.”
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

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