Controlling the miscibility of polyethylene/layered silicate nanocomposites by altering the polymer/surface interactions

K. Chrissopoulou*, I. Altintzi, S. H. Anastasiadis, E. P. Giannelis, M. Pitsikalis, N. Hadjichristidis, N. Theophilou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


Polyethylene/layered silicate nanocomposites are synthesized utilizing three types of polymeric surfactants/compatibilizers in order to influence the miscibility of polyethylene with the nanoparticle surface. The additives are designed so that they can play the role of a polymeric surfactant modifying the hydrophilic clay or of a compatibilizer with the organoclay. Model additives, especially synthesized for this study, included: polyethylene chains, which possess either a single functional end-group or multiple functional groups along the chain, as well as functional diblock copolymers. Maleic anhydrite grafted polyethylene with a low degree of functionalization was used as well. The structure of the resulting micro- or nanocomposites was investigated by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Immiscible hybrids as well as intercalated and/or exfoliated nanocomposites are obtained in a controlled way, depending on the kind of additive and its concentration in the mixture. The most important factor controlling the structure and the properties is the ratio of additive to nanoparticles. The rheological properties of the hybrids correlate well with the final micro- or nanostructure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12440-12451
Number of pages12
Issue number26
StatePublished - Dec 12 2005
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge that part of this research was sponsored by the Greek General Secretariat of Research and Technology in the framework of PAVET Programme (Project No 00BE137).


  • Polyethylene nanocomposites
  • Polymeric surfactants/compatibilizers
  • Surface interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry


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