Conventional materials for gas/vapor sensing are limited to a single probe detection ability for specific analytes. However, materials capable of concurrent detection of two different probes in their respective harmful levels and using two types of sensing modes have yet to be explored. In particular, the concurrent detection of uncomfortable humidity levels and CO concentration (400-5000 ppm) in confined spaces is of extreme importance in a great variety of fields, such as submarine technology, aerospace, mining, and rescue operations. Herein, we report the deliberate construction and performance assessment of extremely sensitive sensors using an interdigitated electrode (IDE)-based capacitor and a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) as transducing substrates. The unveiled sensors are able to simultaneously detect CO within the 400-5000 ppm range and relative humidity levels below 40 and above 60%, using two fluorinated metal-organic frameworks, namely, NbOFFIVE-1-Ni and AlFFIVE-1-Ni, fabricated as a thin film. Their subtle difference in a structure-adsorption relationship for HO and CO was analyzed to unveil the corresponding structure-sensing property relationships using both QCM- and IDE-based sensing modes.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): CCF/1/1972-25-01, CCF/1/1972-27-01, OSR-2017-CPF-3325
Acknowledgements: The research reported in this publication was supported by funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), under award numbers CCF/1/1972-25-01, CCF/1/1972-27-01, and OSR-2017-CPF-3325.