Concentration and chemical composition of PM2.5 in Shanghai for a 1-year period

Boming Ye, Xueli Ji, Haizhen Yang, Xiaohong Yao, Chak K. Chan, Steven H. Cadle, Tai Chan, Patricia A. Mulawa

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498 Scopus citations


Weekly PM2.5 samples were collected in Shanghai, China at two sites, Tongji University and Hainan Road. Sampling started in March 1999 and was conducted for 1 year. The ambient mass concentration and chemical composition of the PM2.5 were determined. Chemical analyses included elemental composition, water-soluble ions, and organic and elemental carbon. Weekly PM2.5 mass concentrations ranged from 21 to 147μg/m3, with annual average concentrations of 57.9 and 61.4μg/m3 at the two sites, respectively. Seasonal variation of PM2.5 concentrations was significant, with the highest concentrations observed from mid-November through December and the lowest from June through September. Ammonium sulfate and nitrate accounted for 41.6% of the PM2.5 mass with sulfate alone accounting for 23.4% of the PM2.5 mass. Carbonaceous material accounted for 41.4% of the PM2.5 mass, with 73% of that mass being organic, as defined by the TOR analysis method. Crustal components averaged 9.6% of the PM2.5 mass. Potassium, which was 95% water soluble, accounted for 2.7% of the PM2.5 mass. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-510
Number of pages12
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-07-06

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Atmospheric Science


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