Computationally Budgeted Continual Learning: What Does Matter?

Ameya Prabhu, Hasan Abed Al Kader Hammoud, Puneet Dokania, Philip H.S. Torr, Ser Nam Lim, Bernard Ghanem, Adel Bibi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Continual Learning (CL) aims to sequentially train models on streams of incoming data that vary in distribution by preserving previous knowledge while adapting to new data. Current CL literature focuses on restricted access to previously seen data, while imposing no constraints on the computational budget for training. This is unreasonable for applications in-the-wild, where systems are primarily constrained by computational and time budgets, not storage. We revisit this problem with a large-scale benchmark and analyze the performance of traditional CL approaches in a compute-constrained setting, where effective memory samples used in training can be implicitly restricted as a consequence of limited computation. We conduct experiments evaluating various CL sampling strategies, distillation losses, and partial fine-tuning on two large-scale datasets, namely ImageNet2K and Continual Google Landmarks V2 in data incremental, class incremental, and time incremental settings. Through extensive experiments amounting to a total of over 1500 GPU-hours, we find that, under compute-constrained setting, traditional CL approaches, with no exception, fail to outperform a simple minimal baseline that samples uniformly from memory. Our conclusions are consistent in a different number of stream time steps, e.g., 20 to 200, and under several computational budgets. This suggests that most existing CL methods are particularly too computationally expensive for realistic budgeted deployment. Code for this project is available at: https://github.com/drimpossible/BudgetCL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2023 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2023
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages3698-3707
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9798350301298
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2023 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: Jun 18 2023Jun 22 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Volume2023-June
ISSN (Print)1063-6919

Conference

Conference2023 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2023
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVancouver
Period06/18/2306/22/23

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 IEEE.

Keywords

  • continual
  • low-shot
  • meta
  • or long-tail learning
  • Transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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