Composition and function of stress granules and P-bodies in plants.

Alyssa Kearly, Andrew D L Nelson, Aleksandra Skirycz, Monika Chodasiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stress Granules (SGs) and Processing-bodies (P-bodies) are biomolecular condensates formed in the cell with the highly conserved purpose of maintaining balance between storage, translation, and degradation of mRNA. This balance is particularly important when cells are exposed to different environmental conditions and adjustments have to be made in order for plants to respond to and tolerate stressful conditions. While P-bodies are constitutively present in the cell, SG formation is a stress-induced event. Typically thought of as protein-RNA aggregates, SGs and P-bodies are formed by a process called liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS), and both their function and composition are very dynamic. Both foci are known to contain proteins involved in translation, protein folding, and ATPase activity, alluding to their roles in regulating mRNA and protein expression levels. From an RNA perspective, SGs and P-bodies primarily consist of mRNAs, though long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have also been observed, and more focus is now being placed on the specific RNAs associated with these aggregates. Recently, metabolites such as nucleotides and amino acids have been reported in purified plant SGs with implications for the energetic dynamics of these condensates. Thus, even though the field of plant SGs and P-bodies is relatively nascent, significant progress has been made in understanding their composition and biological role in stress responses. In this review, we discuss the most recent discoveries centered around SG and P-body function and composition in plants.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSeminars in cell & developmental biology
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-12-07
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by NSF-PGRP 2023310 awarded to ADLN, NSF 2226270 awarded to AS and KAUST support for MC.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology

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