Comparison between a coupled 1D-2D model and a fully 2D model for supercritical flow simulation in crossroads

Rabih Ghostine, Ibrahim Hoteit, Jose Vazquez, Abdelali Terfous, Abdellah Ghenaim, Robert Mose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


In open channel networks, flow is usually approximated by the one-dimensional (1D) Saint-Venant equations coupled with an empirical junction model. In this work, a comparison in terms of accuracy and computational cost between a coupled 1D-2D shallow water model and a fully two-dimensional (2D) model is presented. The paper explores the ability of a coupled model to simulate the flow processes during supercritical flows in crossroads. This combination leads to a significant reduction in the computational time, as a 1D approach is used in branches and a 2D approach is employed in selected areas only where detailed flow information is essential. Overall, the numerical results suggest that the coupled model is able to accurately simulate the main flow processes. In particular, hydraulic jumps, recirculation zones, and discharge distribution are reasonably well reproduced and clearly identified. Overall, the proposed model leads to a 30% reduction in run times. © 2014 International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-281
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2014

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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