Combined effects of heat treatment and seed layer materials on magnetic properties of CoCrPt perpendicular media

Z. Xu, H. N. Hu, S. M. Zhou*, S. L. Ren, X. X. Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Samples of glass/Ti(20 nm)/CoCrPt (20 nm)/Ti (3.2 nm) and glass/seed (Cr or Cu)/Ti(20 nm)/CoCrPt(20 nm)/Ti (3.2 nm) were deposited by magnetron sputtering at ambient temperature or 200 °C. All samples were post-annealed at 400 °C for 15 min. For either Cu or Cr seed layer, post-annealing can enhance the out-of-plane coercivity. For post-annealed samples with either Cr or Cu seed layers, the ambient temperature growth induce an enhancement in the coercivity but a reduction in the slope of hysteresis loop at the coercivity, in comparison with that of the elevated temperature growth. With identical post-annealing and growth conditions, Cr or Cu seed layers can enhance the out-of-plane coercivity, in comparison with those grown on bare substrates. The nucleation field is negative for Cr seed layer and positive for the Cu seed layer although they have close coercivity. With the same growth and post-annealing conditions, the magnetic properties of CoCrPt layers depend on the seed layer thickness. Evolution of magnetic properties can be explained in terms of changes of structural properties of constituent layers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2071-2077
Number of pages7
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 29 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation of China Grant Nos. 50625102, 10574026, and 60490290, the National Basic Research Program of China under grant Nos. 2007CB925104 and 2006CB921300, Shanghai Science and Technology Committee Grant No. 06DJ14007.


  • CoCrPt
  • Microstructure
  • Perpendicular magnetic recording
  • Seed layer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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