CO 2 Capture from Dilute Gases as a Component of Modern Global Carbon Management

Christopher W. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

224 Scopus citations

Abstract

The growing atmospheric CO2 concentration and its impact on climate have motivated widespread research and development aimed at slowing or stemming anthropogenic carbon emissions. Technologies for carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) employing mass separating agents that extract and purify CO2 from flue gas emanating from large point sources such as fossil fuel-fired electricity-generating power plants are under development. Recent advances in solvents, adsorbents, and membranes for postcombust- ion CO 2 capture are described here. Specifically, room-temperature ionic liquids, supported amine materials, mixed matrix and facilitated transport membranes, and metal-organic framework materials are highlighted. In addition, the concept of extracting CO2 directly from ambient air (air capture) as a means of reducing the global atmospheric CO2 concentration is reviewed. For both conventional CCS from large point sources and air capture, critical research needs are identified and discussed. © Copyright 2011 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-52
Number of pages22
JournalAnnual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The author is funded by the Dreyfus Foundation, National Energy Technology Laboratory(NETL), and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) to develop materialsfor the capture of CO2 from flue gas streams. Similarly, the author is funded by GlobalThermostat LLC and NETL to develop adsorbents capable of extracting CO2 from the ambientair. The author thanks these organizations for support of his research.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

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