Closed-loop combustion control of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine dynamics

J. Bengtsson*, P. Strandh, R. Johansson, P. Tunestål, B. Johansson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) is a hybrid of the spark ignition and compression ignition engine concepts. As in a spark ignition engine, a homogeneous fuel-air mixture is created in the inlet system. During the compression stroke the temperature of the mixture increases and reaches the point of auto ignition, just as in a compression ignition engine (or diesel). One challenge with HCCI engines is the need for good timing control of the combustion. Auto ignition of a homogeneous mixture is very sensitive to operating condition. Even small variations of the load can change the timing from too early to too late combustion. Thus a fast combustion timing control is necessary since it sets the performance limitation of the load control. As measurement for combustion timing feedback, the crank angle of 50% burnt has been used. This paper performs a comparative study of different cylinder-pressure based methods for estimating the crank angle of 50% burnt, CA50. The estimates are compared in terms of accuracy, robustness and feasibility for cycle-to-cycle real-time control. Dynamic models of CA50 are estimated using system identification as a means to find models relevant to engine control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-179
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Adaptive Control and Signal Processing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Closed-loop combustion control
  • Combustion engine
  • HCCI
  • Subspace-based identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Closed-loop combustion control of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine dynamics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this