Climate law implications of the Maritime Silk Road Initiative

Lorenzo Schiano di Pepe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The MSR Initiative faces a number of challenges and presents several potential risks to be weighed against the advantages that it will bring about in terms of greater connectivity and increased trade flows. Among them, a special place is undoubtedly occupied by the adverse environmental impact of a rise in maritime traffic in the region. Against such a background, this chapter intends to address some of the implications of the Initiative from the perspective of its possible contribution to climate change patterns, given the fact that the bunker oil usually burnt by merchant ships produces a number of polluting substances, including, in particular, carbon dioxide. From a legal standpoint, the issue of vessel-generated greenhouse gas emissions sits at the crossroads of two different regimes, namely the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its subsequent developments, including the so-called Paris Agreement of 2015, on the one hand, and the body of rules adopted under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), on the other. The interaction between two such normative systems and the approach adopted by the EU with regard to carbon dioxide emitted by ships is critically examined.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe 21st Century Maritime Silk Road
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9780429608506
StatePublished - Jul 9 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-12-07
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): N62909-15-1-2003
Acknowledgements: We acknowledge financial support of this work at the Georgia Institute of Technology by the Deanship of Scientific Research of King Abdulaziz University under an International Collaboration Grant (Award no. D-001-433), the Department of the Navy - Office of Naval Research under the MURI "Center for Advanced Organic Photovoltaics" (Award nos. N00014-14-1-0580 and N00014-16-1-2520), and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (V.C.). The work at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology has been supported by the KAUST competitive research funding and the Office of Naval Research - Global (Award no. N62909-15-1-2003). C.R. thanks the University of Kentucky Vice President for Research for start-up funds.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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