Chemical insight into origin of forming-free resistive random-access memory devices

X. Wu, Z. Fang, Kun Li, M. Bosman, N. Raghavan, X. Li, H. Y. Yu, N. Singh, G. Q. Lo, Xixiang Zhang, K. L. Pey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


We demonstrate the realization of a forming-step free resistive random access memory (RRAM) device using a HfOx/TiOx/HfOx/TiOxmultilayer structure, as a replacement for the conventional HfOx-based single layer structure. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), along with electron energy loss spectroscopy(EELS)analysis has been carried out to identify the distribution and the role played by Ti in the RRAM stack. Our results show that Ti out-diffusion into the HfOx layer is the chemical cause of forming-free behavior. Moreover, the capability of Ti to change its ionic state in HfOx eases the reduction-oxidation (redox) reaction, thus lead to the RRAM devices performance improvements.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133504
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number13
StatePublished - Sep 29 2011

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Chemical insight into origin of forming-free resistive random-access memory devices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this