Chemical gas sensors: Recent developments, challenges, and the potential of machine learning—a review

Usman Yaqoob, Mohammad I. Younis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


Nowadays, there is increasing interest in fast, accurate, and highly sensitive smart gas sensors with excellent selectivity boosted by the high demand for environmental safety and healthcare applications. Significant research has been conducted to develop sensors based on novel highly sensitive and selective materials. Computational and experimental studies have been explored in order to identify the key factors in providing the maximum active location for gas molecule adsorption includ-ing bandgap tuning through nanostructures, metal/metal oxide catalytic reactions, and nano junction formations. However, there are still great challenges, specifically in terms of selectivity, which raises the need for combining interdisciplinary fields to build smarter and high-performance gas/chemical sensing devices. This review discusses current major gas sensing performance-enhancing methods, their advantages, and limitations, especially in terms of selectivity and long-term stability. The discussion then establishes a case for the use of smart machine learning techniques, which offer effective data processing approaches, for the development of highly selective smart gas sensors. We highlight the effectiveness of static, dynamic, and frequency domain feature extraction techniques. Additionally, cross-validation methods are also covered; in particular, the manipulation of the k-fold cross-validation is discussed to accurately train a model according to the available datasets. We summarize different chemresistive and FET gas sensors and highlight their shortcomings, and then propose the potential of machine learning as a possible and feasible option. The review concludes that machine learning can be very promising in terms of building the future generation of smart, sensitive, and selective sensors.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2877
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 20 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-04-30
Acknowledgements: This publication is based upon work supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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