Filarial nematodes possess glutathione transferases (GSTs), ubiquitous enzymes with the potential to detoxify xenobiotic and endogenous substrates, and modulate the host immune system, which may aid worm infection establishment, maintenance and survival in the host. Here we have identified and characterized a σ class glycosylated GST (OoGST1), from the cattle-infective filarial nematode Onchocerca ochengi, which is homologous (99% amino acid identity) with an immunodominant GST and potential vaccine candidate from the human parasite, O. volvulus, (OvGST1b). Onchocerca ochengi native GSTs were purified using a two-step affinity chromatography approach, resolved by 2D and 1D SDS-PAGE and subjected to enzymic deglycosylation revealing the existence of at least four glycoforms. A combination of lectin-blotting and mass spectrometry (MS) analyses of the released N-glycans indicated that OoGST1 contained mainly oligomannose Man5GlcNAc2 structure, but also hybrid- and larger oligommanose-type glycans in a lower proportion. Furthermore, purified OoGST1 showed prostaglandin synthase activity as confirmed by Liquid Chromatography (LC)/MS following a coupled-enzyme assay. This is only the second reported and characterized glycosylated GST and our study highlights its potential role in host-parasite interactions and use in the study of human onchocerciasis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial support. SDA and BLM were supported by the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission (project identifier HEALTH-F3-2010-242131). ACS was supported by GlycoPar-EU FP7 Marie Curie Initial Training Network (GA. 608295) (Awarded to ACS and AAS; http://www.ec.europa.eu). GP, JD, ZS and AR were supported by LSTM MSc Degree research project funding.
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2019.
- immune modulation
- prostaglandin synthase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Infectious Diseases