Characteristic boundary conditions for direct simulations of turbulent counterflow flames

C. S. Yoo, Y. Wang, A. Trouvé, H. G. Im*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

196 Scopus citations


Improved Navier-Stokes characteristic boundary conditions (NSCBC) are formulated for the direct numerical simulations (DNS) of laminar and turbulent counterflow flame configurations with a compressible flow formulation. The new boundary scheme properly accounts for multi-dimensional flow effects and provides nonreflecting inflow and outflow conditions that maintain the mean imposed velocity and pressure, while substantially eliminating spurious acoustic wave reflections. Applications to various counterflow configurations demonstrate that the proposed boundary conditions yield accurate and robust solutions over a wide range of flow and scalar variables, allowing high fidelity in detailed numerical studies of turbulent counterflow flames.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)617-646
Number of pages30
JournalCombustion Theory and Modelling
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Science, SciDAC Computational Chemistry Program.


  • Compressible reacting flows
  • Counterflow
  • Direct numerical simulation
  • LODI
  • Nonreflecting boundary conditions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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