Channel modeling and performance evaluation of FSO communication systems in fog

Maged Abdullah Esmail, Habib Fathallah, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Scopus citations


Free space optical (FSO) communication has become more exciting during the last decade. It has unregulated spectrum with a huge capacity compared to its radio frequency (RF) counterpart. Although FSO has many applications that cover indoor and outdoor environments, its widespread is humped by weather effects. Fog is classified as an extreme weather impairment that may cause link drop. Foggy channel modeling and characterization is necessary to analyze the system performance. In this paper, we first address the statistical behavior of the foggy channel based on a set of literature experimental data and develop a probability distribution function (PDF) model for fog attenuation. We then exploit our PDF model to derive closed form expressions and evaluate the system performance theoretically and numerically, in terms of average signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and outage probability. The results show that for 10-3 outage probability and 22 dBm transmitted power, the FSO system can work over 80 m, 160 m, 310 m, and 460 m link length under dense, thick, moderate, and light fog respectively. Increasing the transmitted power will have high impact when the fog density is low. However, under very dense fog, it has almost no effect. © 2016 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 23rd International Conference on Telecommunications (ICT)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ISBN (Print)9781509019908
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01


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