he valence effective Hamiltonian (VEH) technique is used to compute ionization potentials, optical transition energies, and electron affinities of oligomers and polymers in four conjugated systems: polyacetylene, poly(p-phenylene), polythiophene, and polypyrrole. The theoretical results compare very favorably with experimental data on gas-phase ionization potentials, optical absorption, and electrochemical redox potentials. The latter case is especially important, and the calculated oxidation and reduction potentials are in remarkably good agreement with experiment. For polyacetylene the predicted oxidation potential is 0.4 V vs. SCE, and the predicted reduction potential is -1.1 V, both of which are in good agreement with experimentally observed oxidation and reduction onsets. In these systems, the electronic and electrochemical properties predicted by VEH theory for the oligomers extrapolate to those of the polymer with an inverse chain-length dependence.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry