Carbon-rich cyclopolymers: Their synthesis, etch resistance, and application to 193 nm microlithography

Dario Pasini*, Eric Low, Robert P. Meagley, Jean M.J. Frechet, C. Grant Willson, Jeffrey D. Byers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We describe a cyclopolymerization approach to novel cyclic materials incorporating a) etch-stable adamantyl esters and b) t-butyl esters as functionalities suitable for chemical amplification. The synthesis of the monomers follows a highly convergent approach from the readily synthesized 1-adamantyl malonate ester. Two polymerizable side chains are then added, incorporating either a) t-butyl acrylate esters, or b) a terminal olefin functionality. These bifunctional, carbon-rich monomers undergo smooth and efficient free radical ring-closing cyclopolymerization to afford soluble, processable polymers that do not contain residual olefinic signals. In order to optimize the lithographic performance of the materials, these crystalline monomers can also be copolymerized with maleic anhydride, or other desirable monomers. These resists show excellent transparency at 193 nm (A<0.3/μ) and outstanding etch resistance. When used in combination with a photoacid generator, they can be used to formulate deep UV, chemically amplified photoresists. Preliminary imaging experiments conducted with a 193 nm ArF laser stepper exposure unit demonstrate features below 0.18 μ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-101
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Issue numberI
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1999 Microlithography - Advances in Resist Technology and Processing XVI - Santa Clara, CA, USA
Duration: Mar 15 1999Mar 17 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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