Broadband vectorial ultrathin optics with experimental efficiency up to 99% in the visible region via universal approximators

Fedor Getman, M. Makarenko, A. Burguete-Lopez, Andrea Fratalocchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

AbstractIntegrating conventional optics into compact nanostructured surfaces is the goal of flat optics. Despite the enormous progress in this technology, there are still critical challenges for real-world applications due to the limited operational efficiency in the visible region, on average lower than 60%, which originates from absorption losses in wavelength-thick (≈ 500 nm) structures. Another issue is the realization of on-demand optical components for controlling vectorial light at visible frequencies simultaneously in both reflection and transmission and with a predetermined wavefront shape. In this work, we developed an inverse design approach that allows the realization of highly efficient (up to 99%) ultrathin (down to 50 nm thick) optics for vectorial light control with broadband input–output responses in the visible and near-IR regions with a desired wavefront shape. The approach leverages suitably engineered semiconductor nanostructures, which behave as a neural network that can approximate a user-defined input–output function. Near-unity performance results from the ultrathin nature of these surfaces, which reduces absorption losses to near-negligible values. Experimentally, we discuss polarizing beam splitters, comparing their performance with the best results obtained from both direct and inverse design techniques, and new flat-optics components represented by dichroic mirrors and the basic unit of a flat-optics display that creates full colours by using only two subpixels, overcoming the limitations of conventional LCD/OLED technologies that require three subpixels for each composite colour. Our devices can be manufactured with a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible process, making them scalable for mass production at low cost.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalLight: Science & Applications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-03-11
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2016-CRG5-2995
Acknowledgements: This research received funding from KAUST (Award OSR-2016-CRG5-2995). Parallel simulations were performed on KAUST’s Shaheen supercomputer.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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