Black strontium titanate nanocrystals of enhanced solar absorption for photocatalysis

Wenli Zhao, Wei Zhao, Guilian Zhu, Tianquan Lin, Fangfang Xu*, Fuqiang Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Black titania has attracted enormous attention due to its enhanced photocatalytic activity via increased solar absorption, but few studies extended the investigations to other wide band-gap titanates. Herein, strontium titanate (SrTiO3), a typical ternary titanate with more potential in photocatalysis, is selected as the target material. Black SrTiO3 nanocrystals were obtained by molten aluminum reduction of solution-processed pristine SrTiO3 in a two-zone furnace. Different from the black titania, black SrTiO3 nanocrystals are well-crystallized and have no core-shell structure. Substantial Ti3+ cations and oxygen vacancies are introduced into SrTiO3 after aluminum reduction, which results in enhanced absorption in both visible and near-infrared regions, and improved charge separation and transport. The photocatalytic hydrogen-generation and photoelectrochemical investigations demonstrate that black SrTiO3 exhibits an impressive improvement (2.5 times and 2.4 times at 1.23 VRHE, respectively) compared with white SrTiO3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7528-7534
Number of pages7
JournalCRYSTENGCOMM
Volume17
Issue number39
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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