Bitumen nanocomposites with improved performance

Vasiliki Kosma, Suren Hayrapetyan, Evmorfia Diamanti, Ajay Dhawale, Emmanuel P. Giannelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bitumen-clay nanocomposite binders with styrene-butadienestyrene triblock copolymer, SBS, and combinations of SBS and crumb rubber (CR) with different CR/SBS ratios have been synthesized and characterized. In addition to the binder, samples containing the binder and concrete sand (with a weight ratio 1:9) were prepared. The modified binders were studied in terms of filler dispersion, storage stability, mechanical performance and water susceptibility. We demonstrate that the samples containing nanoclays consistently outperform those based only on the polymer additives. We also find that nanocomposite samples based on a combination of SBS and CR are best, since in addition to other improvements they show excellent storage stability. Our work shows that substituting CR with SBS as a bitumen additive and combining it with inexpensive nanoclays leads to new materials with enhanced performance and improved stability for practical asphalt applications.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-38
Number of pages9
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume160
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 29 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-C1-018-02
Acknowledgements: The authors gratefully acknowledge support from a grant from the Milstein Foundation. In addition, we acknowledge facilities support from the KAUST-Cornell Center of Energy and Sustainability (KAUST-CU) (Award No. KUS-C1-018-02 made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology), Center for Nanomaterials Engineering & Technology shared research facilities at Cornell University and Cornell Center for Materials Research Shared Facilities which are supported through the NSF MRSEC program (DMR-1120296). We also acknowledge facilities support from Cornell University Biotechnology Resource Center (BRC) and we would like to thank Dr. Carol Bayles for illuminating discussions as regards Fluorescence Microscopy.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

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