Biomass density and the relationship between submerged macrophyte biomass and plant growth form

Carlos Duarte*, Jacob Kalff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


The utility of biomass density (biomass per unit volume) as a quantitative descriptor of the growth form of submerged macrophytes is evaluated and confirmed. Biomass density (BD) is a species specific characteristic which does not appear to be influenced by plant development. Secondly, BD reflects the growth form of the dominant species in the stand, because stands of species with a similar growth form also have similar BD's. Lastly, the BD of submerged macrophyte stands is closely related to the flowering pattern of the dominant species, and has important implications for light capture and light competition with neighbouring plants. Thus, BD should be a useful tool in the quantitative analysis of submerged macrophyte community structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 1990


  • aquatic macrophytes
  • biomass
  • flowering pattern
  • growth forms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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