Artificial lung technology is advancing at a startling rate raising hopes that it would better serve the needs of those requiring respiratory support. Whether to assist the healing of an injured lung, support patients to lung transplantation, or to entirely replace native lung function, safe and effective artificial lungs are sought. After 200 years of bioengineering progress, artificial lungs are closer than ever before to meet this demand which has risen exponentially due to the COVID-19 crisis. In this review, the critical advances in the historical development of artificial lungs are detailed. The current state of affairs regarding extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, intravascular lung assists, pump-less extracorporeal lung assists, total artificial lungs, and microfluidic oxygenators are outlined.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jun 28 2021|
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-06-30
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): AUX/8/1093-01-01
Acknowledgements: This research was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) internal grant number AUX/8/1093-01-01.