Binding energy of 1Bu singlet excitons in the one-dimensional extended Hubbard-Peierls model

Z. Shuai*, Swapan K. Pati, W. P. Su, J. L. Brédas, S. Ramasesha

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Using a symmetrized density-matrix renormalization-group formulation, we have investigated the electronic binding energy of the lowest optically allowed exciton (1Bu) within an extended Hubbard-Peierls model (with parameters U, V, and δ) for conjugated chains with N=80 sites. Three symmetries, the C2, spin parity, and electron-hole symmetries, have been applied to construct the projector operator. Analysis of our results on the ratios between exciton binding energies and exciton energies, sheds light on the current experimental and theoretical controversy on exciton binding for polyacetylene and polyparaphenylene vinylene. We show that in the absence of dimerization, the exciton binding energy is vanishingly small for U/t up to 5 and V/t up to 2.3; for a finite dimerization, it is only when V is large enough that the exciton gets to be significantly bound. This result questions the applicability to conjugated polymers of the strong correlation picture, in which the exciton binding energy is equal to V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15368-15371
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jun 15 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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