Bayesian data assimilation in shape registration

C J Cotter, S L Cotter, F-X Vialard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


In this paper we apply a Bayesian framework to the problem of geodesic curve matching. Given a template curve, the geodesic equations provide a mapping from initial conditions for the conjugate momentum onto topologically equivalent shapes. Here, we aim to recover the well-defined posterior distribution on the initial momentum which gives rise to observed points on the target curve; this is achieved by explicitly including a reparameterization in the formulation. Appropriate priors are chosen for the functions which together determine this field and the positions of the observation points, the initial momentum p0 and the reparameterization vector field ν, informed by regularity results about the forward model. Having done this, we illustrate how maximum likelihood estimators can be used to find regions of high posterior density, but also how we can apply recently developed Markov chain Monte Carlo methods on function spaces to characterize the whole of the posterior density. These illustrative examples also include scenarios where the posterior distribution is multimodal and irregular, leading us to the conclusion that knowledge of a state of global maximal posterior density does not always give us the whole picture, and full posterior sampling can give better quantification of likely states and the overall uncertainty inherent in the problem. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)045011
JournalInverse Problems
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 28 2013
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUK-C1-013-04
Acknowledgements: The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)/ERC grant agreement no 239870. This publication was based on work supported in part by award no KUK-C1-013-04, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), and the results were obtained using the Imperial College High Performance Computing Centre cluster. SLC would also like to thank St Cross College Oxford for support via a Junior Research Fellowship.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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