BAlN for III-nitride UV light-emitting diodes: undoped electron blocking layer

Wen Gu, Yi Lu, Rongyu Lin, Wenzhe Guo, Zi-hui Zhang, Jae-Hyun Ryou, Jianchang Yan, Junxi Wang, Jinmin Li, Xiaohang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The undoped BAlN electron-blocking layer (EBL) is investigated to replace the conventional AlGaN EBL in light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Numerical studies of the impact of variously doped EBLs on the output characteristics of LEDs demonstrate that the LED performance shows heavy dependence on the p-doping level in the case of the AlGaN EBL, while it shows less dependence on the p-doping level for the BAlN EBL. As a result, we propose an undoped BAlN EBL for LEDs to avoid the p-doping issues, which a major technical challenge in the AlGaN EBL. Without doping, the proposed BAlN EBL structure still possesses a superior capacity in blocking electrons and improving hole injection compared with the AlGaN EBL having high doping. Compared with the Al0.3Ga0.7N EBL with a doping concentration of 1×1020 /cm3, the undoped BAlN EBL LED still shows lower droop (only 5%), compatible internal quantum efficiency (2% enhancement), and optical output power (6% enhancement). This study provides a feasible route to addressing electron leakage and insufficient hole injection issues when designing UV LED structures.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
StatePublished - Jan 22 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-01-28
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): BAS/1/1664-01-01, REP/1/3189-01-01, URF/1/3437-01-01, URF/1/3771-01-01
Acknowledgements: The KAUST authors would like to acknowledge the support of KAUST Baseline Fund BAS/1/1664-01-01, GCC Research Council Grant REP/1/3189-01-01, and Competitive Research Grants URF/1/3437-01-01 and URF/1/3771-01-01. The authors of Institute of Semiconductors would like to acknowledge the support of National Key R&D Program of China 2016YFB0400800, National Natural Sciences Foundation of China 61875187, 61527814, 61674147, and U1505253, Beijing Nova Program Z181100006218007, and Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS 2017157.


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