Balancing electrical and optical losses for efficient Si-perovskite 4-terminal solar cells with solution processed percolation electrodes.

César Omar Ramírez Quiroz, Yilei Shen, Michael Salvador, Karen Forberich, Nadine Schrenker, George D. Spyropulos, Thomas Huemueller, Benjamin Wilkinson, Thomas Kirchartz, Erdmann Spiecker, Pierre J. Verlinden, Xueling Zhang, Martin Green, Anita Wing Yi Ho-Baillie, Christoph J. Brabec

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


The unprecedented efficiency upraise of perovskite-based photovoltaics has sparked the interest in semi-transparent devices, particularly for tandem structures. Despite promising reports regarding efficiency and reduced parasitic absorption, many devices still rely on processes from the gas phase, compromising both applicability and cost factors. Here, we report all-solution perovskite solar cells with improved infrared transparency ideally suited as top-cell for efficient multi-junction device configurations. We demonstrate the functionality of Copper (I) thiocyanate as antireflective layer and selective contact between the transparent conductive oxide and the perovskite as key factor. This concept allows us to fabricate an opaque device with steady state efficiency as high as 20.1%. By employing silver nanowires with robust environmental stability as bottom electrode, we demonstrate different regimes of device performance that can be described through a classical percolation model, leading to semi-transparent solar cells with efficiencies of up to 17.1%. In conjunction with the implementation of an infrared-tuned transparent conductive oxide contact deposited on UV-fused silica, we show a full device average transmittance surpassing 84% between 800 and 1100 nm (as opposed to 77% with PEDOT:PSS as selective contact). Finally, we mechanically staked optimized perovskite devices on top of high performing PERL and IBC silicon architectures. The imputed output efficiency of the 4-terminal measured perovskite-silicon solar cell was 26.7% and 25.2% for PERL-perovskite and IBC-perovskite, respectively.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3583-3592
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The Cluster of Excellence funded this work through “Engineering of Advanced Materials” (EAM). The authors acknowledge financial support from the DFG research-training group GRK 1896 at Erlangen University and from the Joint Project Helmholtz-Institute Erlangen Nürnberg (HI-ERN) under project number DBF01253, respectively. The authors would like to acknowledge the company rent a scientist (RAS) for material support. C.J.B. acknowledges the financial support through the “Aufbruch Bayern” initiative of the state of Bavaria (EnCN and Solar Factory of the Future) and the “Solar Factory of the Future” with the Energy Campus Nürnberg (EnCN). C.O.R.Q would like to acknowledge Dr. Ning Li, Yi Hou, K. Ding, A. Richter, W. Duan and Andrej Classen for their support during the early stages of this project. Similarly C.O.R.Q would like to acknowledge Sara Mashhoun and Helena Waldau for her helpful advice and graphic design, respectively. A.H-B would like to thank C. Yi for his contributions in checking the electrical characteristics of the silicon solar cell. C.O.R.Q would like to gratefully acknowledge the financial support from The Mexican National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT). This work was partly supported by the Australian Government through the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA).


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