Autoignition characteristics of laminar lifted flames in coflow jets

Byungchul Choi, S. H. Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Autoignition characteristics are an important parameter in designing diesel or PCCI engines. Especially diesel spray flames are lifted from the nozzle and initial flame is formed by an autoignition phenomena. The lifted nature of diesel spray flames influences soot formation since air will be entrained into the spray core by the entrainment of air between the region of nozzle and lifted flame base. The objective of the present study is to identify the autoignition characteristics by adopting a coflow jet as a model problem. The propane jets have been injected into high temperature air and autoignition and lifted flame characteristics have been investigated experimentally. The result showed that the fuel jet in the high temperature coflow air with the initial temperature larger than 860 K was autoignited by itself without having any external ignition source. The liftoff height of the autoignited lifted flame increased nonlinearly with the fuel jet velocity, in much the similar behavior as to non-autoignited lifted flames at relatively low temperature. However, the data reduction demonstrated that the liftoff height of the autoignited flame exhibited marked difference as compared to non-autoignited cases, where the liftoff height was controlled by the balance of the propagation speed of lifted edge flame and local flow velocity. At a certain excessive jet velocity, the autoignited lifted flame had a repetitive behavior of extinction and reignition at a critical liftoff height. An analysis for this critical autoignition showed that the ignition delay time for the adiabatic case should be modified by considering heat loss to ambience. A liftoff height correlation for autoignited lifted flames has also been determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event7th International Conference on Modeling and Diagnostics for Advanced Engine Systems, COMODIA 2008 - Sapporo, Japan
Duration: Jul 28 2008Jul 31 2008


Other7th International Conference on Modeling and Diagnostics for Advanced Engine Systems, COMODIA 2008


  • Autoignition
  • Coflow jet
  • Ignition delay time
  • Laminar lifted flame

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation


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