Aqueous Zn metal batteries (AZMBs) have been considered as a promising alternative to the existing Li-ion batteries. Nevertheless, the large-scale application of the AZMBs is restricted by the dendrite formation and side reactions within the Zn metal anodes (ZMAs) during cycling. Herein, an atomically dispersed Cu in leaf-like Zn-coordinated zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-L) nanoflakes on Ti mesh (CuZIF-L@TM) as ZMA host is developed. The 3D conductive network formed by the interconnected ZIF-L nanoflakes can reduce the local current density and homogenize the electric field distribution. Moreover, experimental data and theoretical calculations reveal the Cu single atoms within the ZIF-L can serve as the zincophilic sites to facilitate the Zn deposition. As expected, the CuZIF-L@TM host enables a homogeneous Zn deposition on the surface without dendrites. The resultant CuZIF-L@TM/Zn electrode shows stable Zn plating/stripping over 1100 h at 1 mA cm−2 with a low voltage hysteresis of about 50 mV. As a proof of concept, a full cell based on the designed CuZIF-L@TM/Zn anode shows a stable cycling performance over 1000 cycles.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51902016 and 21975015), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. buctrc201829 and buctrc201904).
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.
- single atoms
- zeolitic imidazolate frameworks
- zincophilic sites
- Zn metal anodes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)