Assessment of flamelet versus multi-zone combustion modeling approaches for stratified-charge compression ignition engines

Pinaki Pal, Seung Hwan Keum, Hong G. Im*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The spray-interactive flamelet and extended multi-zone combustion models coupled with multi-dimensional computational fluid dynamics are applied to investigate the effects of charge stratification in a direct-injection compression ignition engine under low load conditions. A parametric study was carried out in order to compare the two approaches for early and late fuel injection timings. Comparison of numerical results with available experimental data shows that for early fuel injection, both models predict the auto-ignition and combustion characteristics with comparable fidelity. As the fuel injection timing is delayed, however, the spray-interactive flamelet model is found to capture the onset of combustion and subsequent heat release with greater accuracy. Further investigation reveals that the better performance of the spray-interactive flamelet model over a wider range of mixture-stratified conditions is mainly attributed to its ability to capture the diffusive transport resulting from small-scale mixing and turbulence-chemistry interaction, which becomes more important when significant mixture inhomogeneities exist in the engine cylinder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-290
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Engine Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Institution of Mechanical Engineers.


  • Flamelet
  • homogeneous charge compression ignition, computational fluid dynamics, auto-ignition
  • multi-zone
  • stratified engines
  • turbulence-chemistry interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering


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