Assessing methanol potential as a cleaner marine fuel: An analysis of its implications on emissions and regulation compliance

Olakunle Oloruntobi, Lai Fatt Chuah, Kasypi Mokhtar, Adel Gohari, Vincent Onigbara, Jing Xiang Chung, Muhammad Mubashir, Saira Asif, Pau Loke Show, Ning Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article aims to fill a gap in existing studies by examining methanol's prospects as a cleaner marine vessel fuel and addressing the industry's challenges in reducing pollution from ship oil. The analysis focuses on methanol as a decarbonization fuel option, following its advantages compared to others through data triangulation that uses both bottom-up and top-down approaches to examine the safety concerns and environmental impacts of methanol. The findings support its use as a promising alternative to conventional marine fuels, considering regulations and safety codes related to low-flashpoint fuels and specifying key safety measures. Also, container vessels (6% of the global fleet) consume 23% of all annual bunker volume and require nearly two-thirds of the global bunker demand, along with liquid bulk tankers and dry bulk carriers. These findings, along with the current regulatory landscape and infrastructure requirements for methanol fuel distribution, pose the greatest challenges to its widespread adoption, despite successes by MAN and Wärtsilä engine manufacturers in offering high-pressure diesel combustion technology engines for burning methanol. This study provides insights that can help ASEAN adopt methanol fuel while complying with emission standards and reducing its environmental impacts.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100639
JournalCleaner Engineering and Technology
StatePublished - May 9 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-05-22
Acknowledgements: The authors express gratitude to the Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT) Library, the Faculty of Maritime Studies (FMS), SINODA Shipping Agency Pte. Ltd. Singapore, THOME Ship Management Pte. Ltd. Singapore, Tuck Sun Logistics Group Malaysia and TOG Shipping & Offshore Management Nigeria Ltd. for providing valuable insights for the successful completion of this research paper. Heartfelt appreciation to Prof. Dr. Wan Mohd Norsani Wan Nik, Nurul Akma Abdullah, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Noreha Hashim, Dr. Rudiah Md Hanafiah, Noorasiah Moidu, Suzana Shamsuddin, Nor Bahyah Mohamed, Nur Afiqah Wal' Affa Elmin, Muhammad Aiman Razali, Siti Nur Hazlinda Hasbu, Rohaida Ariffin, Nurul Atirah Zaidi, Siti Asmah Asmayudin, Dr. Loy Kak Choon, Dr. Chong Nyuk Sian, Mr. Moshood Olaniyan, Fiona Kerk Xiuzhen, Teh Bee Bee, Chew Kuan Lian, Loh Chong Hooi, Timmy Chuah Tim Mie and Ong Shying Weei for their support.


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessing methanol potential as a cleaner marine fuel: An analysis of its implications on emissions and regulation compliance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this