Zirconocene-l-aza-l,3-diene complexes, [Me 2 Si(C 5 H 4 ) 2 ]Zr[N(Ar)CH=CHCH(Ph)] (Ar = Ph, 2a; Ar = /J-MeOC 5 H 4 , 2b) and Cp 2 Zr[N(Ar)CH=CHCH(Ph)] (Ar = Ph, 3a; Ar = p-MeOC 6 H 4 , 3b), have been synthesized and characterized by NMR spectroscopy. X-ray crystal structure determinations of compounds 2a and 3a,b reveal folded five-membered-ring moieties for the zirconacycles. DFT calculations and variable-temperature NMR experiments for complex 2a establish a rapid ring-flipping process at room temperature, with the conformation bearing a pseudoequatorial Ph group more stable by 5.6 kcal/mol. Kinetic studies on ketone insertion into these zirconocene complexes show second-order reactions, and the insertion is more favorable in the presence of a [Me 2 Si] ansa bridge, a less electron-rich substituent on the nitrogen, and a more basic ketone. One of the insertion products, namely Cp 2 Zr[N(Ph)CH=CHCH(Ph)CPh 2 O] (5a), has also been characterized by X-ray crystallography.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry