Analysis of Transition from HCCI to CI via PPC with Low Octane Gasoline Fuels Using Optical Diagnostics and Soot Particle Analysis

Yanzhao An*, R. Vallinayagam, S. Vedharaj, Jean Baptiste Masurier, Alaaeldin Dawood, Mohammad Izadi Najafabadi, Bart Somers, Bengt Johansson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

In-cylinder visualization, combustion stratification, and engine-out particulate matter (PM) emissions were investigated in an optical engine fueled with Haltermann straight-run naphtha fuel and corresponding surrogate fuel. The combustion mode was transited from homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) to conventional compression ignition (CI) via partially premixed combustion (PPC). Single injection strategy with the change of start of injection (SOI) from early to late injections was employed. The high-speed color camera was used to capture the in-cylinder combustion images. The combustion stratification was analyzed based on the natural luminosity of the combustion images. The regulated emission of unburned hydrocarbon (UHC), carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) were measured to evaluate the combustion efficiency together with the in-cylinder rate of heat release. Soot mass concentration was measured and linked with the combustion stratification and the integrated red channel intensity of the high-speed images for the soot emissions. The nucleation nanoscale particle number and the particle size distribution were sampled to understand the effect of combustion mode switch.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSAE Technical Papers
Volume2017-October
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
EventSAE 2017 International Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, FFL 2017 - Beijing, China
Duration: Oct 15 2017Oct 19 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was funded by competitive research funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) under the Clean Combustion Research Center’s research program. We also acknowledge funding from KAUST and Saudi Aramco under the FUELCOM2 program. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to our Research Technician, Adrian. I. Ichim and Riyad Jambi for their support in carrying out the experiments at KAUST engine lab.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2017 SAE International.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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