TY - GEN

T1 - Analysis of gas production from hydraulically fractured wells in the haynesville shale using scaling methods

AU - Male, Frank

AU - Islam, Akand W.

AU - Patzek, Tadeusz

AU - Ikonnikova, Svetlana

AU - Browning, John

AU - Marder, Michael P.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - The Haynesville Shale is one of the largest unconventional gas fields in the US. It is also one of the deepest, with wells reaching more than 10, 000 feet below ground. This uncommon depth and overpressure leads to initial reservoir pressures of up to 12, 000 psi. These pressures are uniquely high among shale gas reservoirs, and require special treatment. We show that the methods developed by Patzek, et al., PNAS, 110, 19731-19736, can scale all individual wells' gas productions to fit upon a single, universal curve. Haynesville wells can take months or years for flowing tubing pressure to stabilize, so we modified the type curves to take this into account. Furthermore, we introduce a PVT solver in order to calculate gas properties at up to reservoir pressures. When we apply the scaling theory to 2, 199 individual well productions in the Haynesville, we find 1, 580 wells which have entered exponential decline due to pressure interference. We use a simple physical model to determine the time to interference for wells with geologic parameters typical of the Haynesville, and use this to determine a field-wide permeability from the wells where we have observed pressure interference. From this, we arrive at time to interference for the remainder of Haynesville wells, and use this to arrive at production forecasts for all individual wells.

AB - The Haynesville Shale is one of the largest unconventional gas fields in the US. It is also one of the deepest, with wells reaching more than 10, 000 feet below ground. This uncommon depth and overpressure leads to initial reservoir pressures of up to 12, 000 psi. These pressures are uniquely high among shale gas reservoirs, and require special treatment. We show that the methods developed by Patzek, et al., PNAS, 110, 19731-19736, can scale all individual wells' gas productions to fit upon a single, universal curve. Haynesville wells can take months or years for flowing tubing pressure to stabilize, so we modified the type curves to take this into account. Furthermore, we introduce a PVT solver in order to calculate gas properties at up to reservoir pressures. When we apply the scaling theory to 2, 199 individual well productions in the Haynesville, we find 1, 580 wells which have entered exponential decline due to pressure interference. We use a simple physical model to determine the time to interference for wells with geologic parameters typical of the Haynesville, and use this to determine a field-wide permeability from the wells where we have observed pressure interference. From this, we arrive at time to interference for the remainder of Haynesville wells, and use this to arrive at production forecasts for all individual wells.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84905748588&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84905748588

SN - 9781632663177

T3 - Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE USA Unconventional Resources Conference 2014

SP - 388

EP - 396

BT - Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE USA Unconventional Resources Conference 2014

PB - Society of Petroleum Engineers

T2 - SPE USA Unconventional Resources Conference 2014

Y2 - 1 April 2014 through 3 April 2014

ER -