Analysis of energy flows and emission characteristics of conventional diesel and isobaric combustion in an optical engine with laser diagnostics

Harsh Goyal, Niraj Panthi, Abdullah AlRamadan, Emre Cenker, Gaetano Magnotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this study, the thermodynamic analysis of energy distribution, exhaust emissions, and particulate characterization was conducted in an optical engine with an all-metal configuration. Additionally, the line-of-sight integrated imaging of combustion luminosity, and OH* chemiluminescence along with planar laser induced fluorescence of formaldehyde (HCHO-PLIF), and planar laser induced incandescence of soot (soot-PLII) were applied in the optical configuration. The experiments were conducted with conventional diesel combustion at λ = 3 (i.e., CDC), isobaric combustion at λ = 3 (i.e., Iso3), and isobaric combustion at λ = 4.2 (i.e., Iso4.2) using n-heptane fuel. Compared to Iso3 and CDC, Iso4.2 yielded higher thermal efficiency and lower heat losses; whilst the exhaust losses were exacerbeted. Isobaric combustion also resulted in lower NOx but increased soot emissions. For all operating conditions, the combustion luminosity and OH* chemiluminescence imaging showed that the signal grows and develops from the jet-axis downstream of the nozzle to the jet-wall impingement point, followed by movement towards the squish region. HCHO-PLIF showed that isobaric combustion leads to a faster transition of low-to high-temperature reactions compared to CDC. Soot-PLII showed increased in-cylinder soot distribution for isobaric combustion due to lesser charge pre-mixing time and spray-flame interaction induced by close-coupled injections.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126859
StatePublished - Feb 4 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-02-06
Acknowledgements: This paper is based on work supported by Saudi Aramco Research and Development Center FUELCOM3 program under Master Research Agreement Number 6600024505/01. FUELCOM (Fuel Combustion for Advanced Engines) is a collaborative research undertaking between Saudi Aramco and KAUST intended to address the fundamental aspects of hydrocarbon fuel combustion in engines, and develop fuel/engine design tools suitable for advanced combustion modes.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy
  • Pollution


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