An improved ghost-cell immersed boundary method for compressible flow simulations

Cheng Chi, Bok Jik Lee, Hong G. Im

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


This study presents an improved ghost-cell immersed boundary approach to represent a solid body in compressible flow simulations. In contrast to the commonly used approaches, in the present work ghost cells are mirrored through the boundary described using a level-set method to farther image points, incorporating a higher-order extra/interpolation scheme for the ghost cell values. A sensor is introduced to deal with image points near the discontinuities in the flow field. Adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) is used to improve the representation of the geometry efficiently in the Cartesian grid system. The improved ghost-cell method is validated against four test cases: (a) double Mach reflections on a ramp, (b) smooth Prandtl-Meyer expansion flows, (c) supersonic flows in a wind tunnel with a forward-facing step, and (d) supersonic flows over a circular cylinder. It is demonstrated that the improved ghost-cell method can reach the accuracy of second order in L1 norm and higher than first order in L∞ norm. Direct comparisons against the cut-cell method demonstrate that the improved ghost-cell method is almost equally accurate with better efficiency for boundary representation in high-fidelity compressible flow simulations. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-148
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 17 2016

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The work reported in this study was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications


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