An experimental and kinetic study of OH(A2Σ+) formation and quenching in ammonia-hydrogen-air flames

Gianluca Capriolo*, Gani Issayev, Xuren Zhu, J. Vargas, Thibault F. Guiberti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This work provides a kinetic and experimental investigation of excited radical OH(2Σ+) (also referred to as OH*) in NH3–H2-air flames. A counterflow burner is used to stabilize laminar diffusion flames over wide ranges of ammonia fraction in the fuel blend (0.2 ≤ xNH3 ≤ 0.8) and strain rate (40 ≤ a ≤ 200/s). Using an intensified camera or a spectrometer coupled to a Cassegrain optical system, spatially resolved and spatially integrated OH(A2Σ+-X2Π) chemiluminescence intensities are measured. These data are used to challenge a kinetic mechanism largely developed from existing literature schemes. Measurements and simulations show that two distinct OH* peaks exist in spatially resolved profiles for intermediate ammonia fractions in the fuel blend. Sensitivity analyses identified that reactions N2O+H=N2+OH* and H+O+M=OH*+M, respectively pertinent to NH3 and H2 oxidation routes, are responsible for the formation of OH*. The proposed kinetic mechanism gives a remarkable portrait of the empirical data recorded in diffusion flames as well as in premixed NH3–H2-air flames from the literature. Nevertheless, the contribution of reaction N2O+H=N2+OH* in the formation of OH* in the peak closest to the fuel side of diffusion flames is consistently overpredicted. Consequently, the frequency factor of the N2O+H[dbnd]N2+OH* reaction is adjusted to A = 1.35 × 1014 cm3mol−1s−1, which significantly improves predictions of spatially integrated and spatially resolved OH* intensities for all the diffusion and premixed flames examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113258
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • Ammonia
  • Chemical kinetics
  • Hydrogen
  • OH* chemiluminescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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