Amplified spontaneous emission of poly (ladder-type phenylene)s - The influence of photophysical properties on ASE thresholds

Frédéric Laquai*, Ashok K. Mishra, Klaus Müllen, Richard H. Friend

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) of a series of blue-emitting poly(ladder-type phenylene)s (LPPP)s has been studied in thin film polymer waveguide structures. The chemically well-defined step-ladder polymers consist of an increasing number of bridged phenylene rings per monomer unit starting from fully arylated poly(ladder-type indenofluorene) up to poly (ladder-type pentaphenylene). The ASE characteristics of the polymers including the onset threshold values for ASE, the gain and loss coefficients as well as the photoluminescence (PL) properties, i.e., the solid state fluorescence lifetimes, decay kinetics and solid state quantum efficiencies have been studied by time-resolved PL spectroscopy. A fully arylated polyfluorene has been synthesized and its photophysical properties were compared to the step-ladder polymers. Steady-state photoinduced absorption and ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy have been used to study excited state absorption of singlet and triplet states and polarons present in the solid state. The results demonstrate a minimum regarding the onset threshold value of ASE for a fully arylated poly(ladder-type indenofluorene) and a successive increase of the ASE threshold for the step-ladder polymers with more bridged phenylene rings. In particular, carbazole-containing step-ladder LPPPs exhibit significantly increased ASE threshold values as compared to their carbazole-free analogues due to a pronounced overlap of stimulated emission (SE) and photoinduced absorption (PA).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3265-3275
Number of pages11
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number20
StatePublished - Oct 23 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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