Air pollution and health effects

Ana Isabel Miranda*, Joana Valente, Ana Margarida Costa, Myriam Lopes, Carlos Borrego

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    3 Scopus citations


    The quality of the air we breathe is still a major concern to human health. Notwithstanding the air pollution mitigation efforts that have been pursued since the last half of the twentieth century, the World Health Organization estimates that more than two million premature deaths each year can be attributed to the effects of urban outdoor air pollution and indoor air pollution. This chapter addresses the evolution of knowledge on the relationship between air pollution and human health, since the first records until nowadays. It also reviews the current approaches to do health impact assessment and the common air pollution - health indicators. A particular case study based on a chain of events, from emissions to the atmosphere until health, passing through exposure and inhaled dose, illustrates how this approach can be explored, providing useful and concrete information.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationCurrent Environmental Issues and Challenges
    PublisherSpringer Netherlands
    Number of pages13
    ISBN (Electronic)9789401787772
    ISBN (Print)940178776X, 9789401787765
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014. All rights are reserved.


    • Air emissions
    • Air pollution
    • Air quality modelling
    • Exposure
    • Human health
    • Inhaled dose

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Environmental Science


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