Advanced stimuli-responsive membranes for smart separation.

Tiefan Huang, Zhixin Su, Kun Hou, Jianxian Zeng, Hu Zhou, Lin Zhang, Suzana Pereira Nunes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Membranes have been extensively studied and applied in various fields owing to their high energy efficiency and small environmental impact. Further conferring membranes with stimuli responsiveness can allow them to dynamically tune their pore structure and/or surface properties for efficient separation performance. This review summarizes and discusses important developments and achievements in stimuli-responsive membranes. The most commonly utilized stimuli, including light, pH, temperature, ions, and electric and magnetic fields, are discussed in detail. Special attention is given to stimuli-responsive control of membrane pore structure (pore size and porosity/connectivity) and surface properties (wettability, surface topology, and surface charge), from the perspective of determining the appropriate membrane properties and microstructures. This review also focuses on strategies to prepare stimuli-responsive membranes, including blending, casting, polymerization, self-assembly, and electrospinning. Smart applications for separations are also reviewed as well as a discussion of remaining challenges and future prospects in this exciting field. This review offers critical insights for the membrane and broader materials science communities regarding the on-demand and dynamic control of membrane structures and properties. We hope that this review will inspire the design of novel stimuli-responsive membranes to promote sustainable development and make progress toward commercialization.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChemical Society Reviews
StatePublished - May 15 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-05-18
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): BAS/1/1057-01-01
Acknowledgements: This work was sponsored by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) grant (BAS/1/1057-01-01), Key R&D projects of Zhejiang Province (2021C03G2014500), and the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2021JJ40190). We thank Jing Deng and Yingzi Xu at Qi Baishi School of Art, Hunan University of Science and Technology, for graphics adaptation. We thank Jijun Peng at Hunan Zhiheng Intellectual Property Agency Co., Ltd., for patents search.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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