Achieving ultrahigh electrochemical performance by surface design and nanoconfined water manipulation

Haisheng Li, Kui Xu, Pohua Chen, Youyou Yuan, Yi Qiu, Ligang Wang, Liu Zhu, Xiaoge Wang, Guohong Cai, Liming Zheng, Chun Dai, Deng Zhou, Nian Zhang, Jixin Zhu, Jinglin Xie, Fuhui Liao, Hailin Peng, Yong Peng, Jing Ju, Zifeng LinJunliang Sun

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Scopus citations


    The effects of nanoconfined water and charge storage mechanism are crucial in achieving ultrahigh electrochemical performance of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides (MXenes). We propose a facile method to manipulate the nanoconfined water through surface chemistry modification. By introducing oxygen and nitrogen surface groups, more active sites were created for Ti3C2 MXene, also with the interlayer spacing significantly increased by accommodating three-layer nanoconfined water. Exceptionally high capacitance of 550 F g–1 (2000 F cm–3) was obtained with outstanding high-rate performance. The atomic scale elucidation of layer-dependent properties of nanoconfined water and pseudocapacitive charge storage was deeply probed through a combination of ‘computational and experimental microscopy’. We believe the understanding and manipulation strategy of nanoconfined water will shed light on pushing MXene and other 2D materials to better electrochemical performance.
    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalNational Science Review
    StatePublished - Apr 27 2022

    Bibliographical note

    KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-05-10
    Acknowledgements: The authors thank Prof. Ying Jiang, Prof. Peng Gao and Dr. Jihan Zhou at Peking University for their discussions on the nature of confined water and suggestions on confined water characterization.


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