Accurate wireless strain monitoring is critical for many engineering applications. Capacitive strain sensors are well suited for remote sensing but currently have a limited sensitivity. This study presents a new approach for improving the sensitivity of electrical capacitance change-based strain sensors. Our technology is based on a dielectric elastomer layer laminated between two fragmented electrodes (i.e., carbon nanotube papers) that, by design, experiences a significant change in resistance (from Ω to MΩ) when stretched and makes the sensor behave as a transmission line, a well-known structure in telecommunication engineering. The strain-dependent voltage attenuation over the structure length results in a large variation of the effective capacitance (gauge factor exceeding 37 at 3% strain).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)