Abbreviated MOVPE nucleation of III-nitride light-emitting diodes on nano-patterned sapphire

Yik Khoon Ee*, Xiao Hang Li, Jeff Biser, Wanjun Cao, Helen M. Chan, Richard P. Vinci, Nelson Tansu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations


Metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE) nucleation studies of GaN on planar sapphire and nano-patterned AGOG (Deposition of Aluminum, Growth of Oxide, and Grain growth) sapphire substrates were conducted. The use of abbreviated GaN growth mode, which utilizes a process of using 15 nm low-temperature GaN buffer and bypassing etch-back and recovery processes during epitaxy, enables the growth of high-quality GaN template on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire. The GaN template grown on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire by employing abbreviated growth mode has two orders of magnitude lower threading dislocation density than that of conventional GaN template grown on planar sapphire. The use of abbreviated growth mode also leads to significant reduction in cost of the epitaxy. The growths and characteristics of InGaN quantum wells (QWs) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on both templates were compared. The InGaN QWs LEDs grown on the nano-patterned AGOG sapphire demonstrated a 24% enhancement of output power enhancement over that of LEDs grown on conventional GaN templates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1311-1315
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • A1. Nucleation
  • A1. Substrates
  • A3. Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition
  • B1. Nitrides
  • B2. Semiconducting III-V materials
  • B3. Light-emitting diodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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