A wide range experimental and kinetic modeling study of the oxidation of 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene: Part 1

Jinhu Liang*, Ruining He, Shashank S. Nagaraja, A. Abd El Sabor Mohamed, Haitao Lu, Yousef M. Almarzooq, Xiaorui Dong, Olivier Mathieu, William H. Green, Eric L. Petersen, S. Mani Sarathy, Henry J. Curran

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


2,3-Dimethyl-2-butene (TME) is a potential fuel additive with high research octane number (RON) and octane sensitivity (S), which can improve internal combustion engine performance and efficiency. However, the combustion characteristics of TME have not been comprehensively investigated. Thus, it is essential to study the combustion characteristics of TME and construct a detailed chemical kinetic model to describe its combustion. In this paper, two high-pressure shock tubes and a constant-volume reactor are used to measure ignition delay times and laminar flame speeds of TME oxidation. The ignition delay times were measured at equivalence ratios of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 in “air”, at pressures of 5 and 10 bar, in the temperature range of 950 – 1500 K. Flame speeds of the TME/ “air” mixtures were measured at atmospheric pressure, at a temperature of 325 K, for equivalence ratios ranging from 0.78 to 1.31. Two detailed kinetic mechanisms were constructed independently using different methodologies; the KAUST TME mechanism was constructed based on NUIGMech1.1, and the MIT TME mechanism was built using the Reaction Mechanism Generator (RMG). Both mechanisms were used to simulate the experimental results using Chemkin Pro. In the present work, reaction flux and sensitivity analyses were performed using the KAUST mechanism to determine the critical reactions controlling TME oxidation at the conditions studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number112731
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - May 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Combustion Institute


  • Ignition delay time
  • Kinetics modeling
  • Laminar flame speed
  • TME oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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