A Volatile Solid Additive Enables Oligothiophene All-Small-Molecule Organic Solar Cells with Excellent Commercial Viability

Dingqin Hu, Hua Tang, Safakath Karuthedath, Qianqian Chen, Si Chen, Jafar Iqbal Khan, Heng Liu, Qianguang Yang, Julien Gorenflot, Christopher Petoukhoff, Tainan Duan, Xinhui Lu, Frédéric Laquai, Shirong Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


The commercial viability of all-small-molecule (ASM) organic solar cells (OSCs) requires high efficiency, long-term stability, and low-cost production. However, satisfying all these factors at the same time remains highly challenging. Herein, a volatile solid additive, namely, 1,8-dichloronaphthalene (DCN) is demonstrated to simultaneously enhance the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and the storage, thermal as well as photo stabilities of oligothiophene ASM-OSCs with concise and low-cost syntheses. The improved PCEs are mainly due to the DCN-induced morphology control with improved exciton dissociation and reduced non-geminate recombination. Notably, the PCE of 16.0% stands as the best value for oligothiophene ASM-OSCs and is among the top values for all types of binary ASM-OSCs. In addition, devices incorporating DCN have shown remarkable long-term stability, retaining over 90% of their initial PCE after dark storage aging of 3000 h and thermal or light stressing of 500 h. The findings demonstrate that the volatile-solid-additive strategy can be a simple yet effective method of delivering highly efficient and stable oligothiophene ASM-OSCs with excellent commercial viability.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2211873
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
StatePublished - Dec 7 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-12-09
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-CARF/CCF-3079
Acknowledgements: This publication is based upon work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Research Administration (ORA) under Award No: OSR-CARF/CCF-3079. S.L. thanks the research grant from the National Youth Thousand Program Project (R52A199Z11), Chongqing Funds for Distinguished Young Scientists (cstc2020jcyj-jqX0018), Chongqing talent plan (CQYC201903008) and General Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (62074149). D.H. thanks for the research grant from Chongqing Funds for Natural Science Foundation (cstc2021jcyj-msxmX0239). C.E.P. acknowledges support by the KAUST Global Fellowship Program, under the auspice of the Vice President for Research.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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