A robust upwind mixed hybrid finite element method for transport in variably saturated porous media

Anis Younes, Hussein Hoteit, Rainer Helmig, Marwan Fahs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The mixed finite element (MFE) method is well adapted for the simulation of fluid flow in heterogeneous porous media. However, when employed for the transport equation, it can generate solutions with strong unphysical oscillations because of the hyperbolic nature of advection. In this work, a robust upwind MFE scheme is proposed to avoid such unphysical oscillations. The new scheme is a combination of the upwind edge/face centered finite volume method with the hybrid formulation of the MFE method. The scheme ensures continuity of both advective and dispersive fluxes between adjacent elements and allows to maintain the time derivative continuous, which permits employment of high-order time integration methods via the method of lines (MOL). Numerical simulations are performed in both saturated and unsaturated porous media to investigate the robustness of the new upwind MFE scheme. Results show that, contrarily to the standard scheme, the upwind MFE method generates stable solutions without under and overshoots. The simulation of contaminant transport into a variably saturated porous medium highlights the robustness of the proposed upwind scheme when combined with the MOL for solving nonlinear problems.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5227-5239
Number of pages13
JournalHydrology and Earth System Sciences
Issue number20
StatePublished - Oct 19 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-10-21


Dive into the research topics of 'A robust upwind mixed hybrid finite element method for transport in variably saturated porous media'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this