A rhodanine flanked nonfullerene acceptor for solution-processed organic photovoltaics

Sarah Holliday, Raja Shahid Ashraf, Christian Bergenstof Nielsen, Mindaugas Kirkus, Jason A. Röhr, Chinghong Tan, Elisa Collado-Fregoso, Astrid Caroline Knall, James R. Durrant, Jenny K. Nelson, Iain McCulloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

445 Scopus citations


A novel small molecule, FBR, bearing 3-ethylrhodanine flanking groups was synthesized as a nonfullerene electron acceptor for solution-processed bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics (OPV). A straightforward synthesis route was employed, offering the potential for large scale preparation of this material. Inverted OPV devices employing poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) as the donor polymer and FBR as the acceptor gave power conversion efficiencies (PCE) up to 4.1%. Transient and steady state optical spectroscopies indicated efficient, ultrafast charge generation and efficient photocurrent generation from both donor and acceptor. Ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy was used to investigate polaron generation efficiency as well as recombination dynamics. It was determined that the P3HT:FBR blend is highly intermixed, leading to increased charge generation relative to comparative devices with P3HT:PC60BM, but also faster recombination due to a nonideal morphology in which, in contrast to P3HT:PC60BM devices, the acceptor does not aggregate enough to create appropriate percolation pathways that prevent fast nongeminate recombination. Despite this nonoptimal morphology the P3HT:FBR devices exhibit better performance than P3HT:PC60BM devices, used as control, demonstrating that this acceptor shows great promise for further optimization.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)898-904
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 12 2015

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: We thank BASF for partial financial support, as well as EPSRC (EP/G037515/1) and EPSRC (EP/L016702/1), and EC FP7 Projects X10D (287818) and Nanomatcell (308997) for financial support. A.-C.K. acknowledges the Austrian Science Fund (FWF):[T 578-N19] for financial support.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Catalysis


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