A Progress Review on Soot Experiments and Modeling in the Engine Combustion Network (ECN)

Scott A. Skeen, Julien Manin, Lyle M. Pickett, Emre Cenker, Gilles Bruneaux, Katsufumi Kondo, Tets Aizawa, Fredrik Westlye, Kristine Dalen, Anders Ivarsson, Tiemin Xuan, Jose M Garcia-Oliver, Yuanjiang Pei, Sibendu Som, Wang Hu, Rolf D. Reitz, Tommaso Lucchini, Gianluca D'Errico, Daniele Farrace, Sushant S. PandurangiYuri M. Wright, Muhammad Aqib Chishty, Michele Bolla, Evatt Hawkes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


The 4th Workshop of the Engine Combustion Network (ECN) was held September 5-6, 2015 in Kyoto, Japan. This manuscript presents a summary of the progress in experiments and modeling among ECN contributors leading to a better understanding of soot formation under the ECN “Spray A” configuration and some parametric variants. Relevant published and unpublished work from prior ECN workshops is reviewed. Experiments measuring soot particle size and morphology, soot volume fraction (fv), and transient soot mass have been conducted at various international institutions providing target data for improvements to computational models. Multiple modeling contributions using both the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) Equations approach and the Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) approach have been submitted. Among these, various chemical mechanisms, soot models, and turbulence-chemistry interaction (TCI) methodologies have been considered.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)883-898
Number of pages16
JournalSAE International Journal of Engines
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 5 2016

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The following individuals and funding agencies are acknowledged
for their support.
The authors from DTU acknowledge the Technical University of
Denmark, Danish Strategic Research Council, and MAN Diesel &
University of Wisconsin: Financial support provided by the Princeton
Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center.
ETH Zurich: Financial support from the Swiss Federal Office of
Energy (grant no. SI/500818-01) and the Swiss Competence Center
for Energy and Mobility (CCEM project “In-cylinder emission
reduction”) is gratefully acknowledged. Argonne National Labs: Work was funded by U.S. DOE Office of
Vehicle Technologies, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable
Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. We also
gratefully acknowledge the computing resources provided on Fusion,
a computing cluster operated by the Laboratory Computing Resource
Center at Argonne National Laboratory.
Sandia National Labs, Combustion Research Facility: Work was
supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Vehicle
Technologies. Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by
Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security
Administration under contract DEAC04-94AL85000. Chris Carlen
and Dave Cicone are gratefully acknowledged for technical
The authors from ANL and SNL also wish to thank Gurpreet Singh
and Leo Breton, program managers at U.S. DOE, for their support.


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