A paper-based electrode using a graphene dot/PEDOT:PSS composite for flexible solar cells

Chuan-Pei Lee, Kun-Yu Lai, Chin-An Lin, Chun-Ting Li, Kuo-Chuan Ho, Chih-I Wu, Shu-Ping Lau, Jr-Hau He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Scopus citations


We have synthesized a metal-free composite ink that contains graphene dots (GDs) and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) that can be used on paper to serve as the counter electrode in a flexible dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC). This paper-based GD/PEDOT:PSS electrode is low-cost, light-weight, flexible, environmentally friendly, and easy to cut and process for device fabrication. We determined the GD/PEDOT:PSS composite effectively fills the dense micro-pores in the paper substrate, which leads to improved carrier transport in the electrode and a 3-fold enhanced cell efficiency as compared to the paper electrode made with sputtered Pt. Moreover, the DSSC with the paper electrode featuring the GD/PEDOT:PSS composite did not fail in photovoltaic tests even after bending the electrode 150 times, whereas the device made with the Pt-based paper electrode decreased in efficiency by 45% after such manipulation. These exceptional properties make the metal-free GD/PEDOT:PSS composite ink a promising electrode material for a wide variety of flexible electronic applications.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-267
Number of pages8
JournalNano Energy
StatePublished - Apr 22 2017

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2016-CRG5-3005, FCC/1/3079-08-01
Acknowledgements: This work was financially supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) (OSR-2016-CRG5-3005), KAUST solar center (FCC/1/3079-08-01), KAUST baseline funding, the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong (PolyU 153012/14P), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11374250), and National Taiwan University (102R4000).


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