A novel correlation to predict gas flow rates utilizing artificialintelligence: An industrial 4.0 approach

Shams Kalam, Mohammad Rasheed Khan, Zeeshan Tariq, Faisal Anwar Siddique, Abdulazeez Abdulraheem, Rizwan Ahmed Khan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations


Reservoir and production engineers rely heavily on well production rates to optimize well activities such asensuring optimum reservoir monitoring. Individual gas well rates are not readily available, rather, they canbe estimated thru multi-phase flow meter (MPFM) and well test analysis. These methods are associated withcertain limitations such as high cost, high uncertainty, and technically elaborate calculations. Consequently,empirical and numerical calculations are employed with well test data to calculate daily rates. Thesepractices lead to inaccurate gas rate estimations. A model with an ability to provide accurate estimates of gas rates for a gas reservoir can serve as ahandy tool for the subsurface engineers in addressing well and reservoir optimization strategies. This workpresents artificial intelligence models to estimate gas rates in a gas field containing ten wells. The aim is todevelop a correlation that is simple and easy to incorporate yet providing robust answers on a global scale.Multiple machine learning tools are employed. These include; Artificial Neural Network (ANN), FunctionalNetwork (FN), and Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS). Production data from a dry gas field X was used for the model development. Data cleaning and datareduction steps were carried out to ensure the input parameters for the proposed model are physicallyrelevant and accurate. Missing these steps would result in the development of an erroneous correlation, i.e.,garbage -in garbage-out (GIGO). This led to finalization of certain basic well-head parameters which areavailable at any typical well and had direct impact on the output production rate. The target parameter formodel training is the gas rate. A rigorous comparison between the investigated artificial intelligence modelswas conducted by calculating average absolute percentage error (AAPE) and coefficient of determination.The comparative analysis shows that the intelligent model is able to predict the gas rate in condensate wellswith accuracy in excess of 90%. Examples of such large accuracy has not been reported previously. ANN performs a step ahead as compared to the various intelligent algorithms used in this study. Thispaper sheds light on the potential of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 for the Pakistani Oil and Gas Sector.Data-driven artificial intelligent models are capable of validating the well test and multiphase flow meter results. In addition, it can prove to be a vital tool in an engineer's tool-kit to reduce uncertainties in gasrate measurements.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE/PAPG Pakistan Section Annual Technical Symposium and Exhibition 2019, PATS 2019
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
ISBN (Print)9781613997253
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-20


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